Before telling anything about Udham Singh, it is necessary to know once again about the country’s most tragic incident, Jallianwala Bagh incident. This anecdote of Udham Singh is related to the Jallianwala Bagh incident of this massacre. The day of 13 April 1919 is famous on the page of history by the name of this incident. This traumatic incident took place in Jallianwala Garden near the Golden Temple in Amritsar, Punjab. Actually, on the day of Baisakhi, on 13 April 1919, a meeting was held at Jallianwala Bagh in Amritsar. It was a completely peaceful gathering in which thousands of Indians had gathered to attend. The issue of this meeting was the opposition to the Rowlatt Act.
what was the Rowlatt Act
Rowlatt Act is also known as Black Law. This law was made by the then British government to crush the national movement emerging in India. Under this law, the British government had the right to imprison any Indian without trial in the court. Under this law, Congress’s Satya Pal and Saifuddin Kitchlew were arrested by the British.
Dead bodies piled up in Jallianwala Bagh
Peaceful speech was going on here, in which women, men and children were also involved. At the same time, British Brigadier General Dyer entered there with his entire army and ordered to open fire on the unarmed innocents. Until someone understood something, the dead bodies of their loved ones started laying in front. People started running from there in fear and panic, some people tried to climb the wall, many people jumped into the well present there to avoid the bullets and in such a situation, people started piling up inside the well too. It is said that in this incident, the bodies of 120 people were found only from the well. The incident shook people across the country, one of whom was Sardar Udham Singh.
Became orphans in childhood
Sardar Udham Singh was born on 26 December 1899 in Sunam village of Sangrur district of Punjab, whose real name was Sher Singh. His father Sardar Tehal Singh was a railway watchman in Jammu Upalli village. Then Udham Singh was just 7 years old when all his parents were snatched from his head, after which he was kept with his brother in the Central Khalsa Orphanage in Amritsar. At the same time people started calling Sher Singh by the name of Udham Singh. He left the orphanage in the year 1919. Udham Singh started considering Shaheed Bhagat Singh as his Guru.
The oath was taken by taking the soil in hand
After leaving the orphanage, this year saw the massacre of Jallianwala Bagh. Udham Singh, who was furious at this act of Dyer, was now bleeding for a lot and he was blazing in anger. It is said that Udham Singh took the soil of Jallianwala Bagh in his hand and took an oath to teach a lesson to General Dyer and the then Governor of Punjab, Michael O’Dwyer, that till the real culprit of this massacre is not put to sleep, will not rest in peace. I will sit Now sleeping Dyer’s death became his main goal.
5 years jail sentence
To avenge this massacre of the country, revolutionary Udhar Singh turned to foreign countries. He reached Africa in the year 1920. In the year 1921, he tried to go to the United States via Nairobi but due to non-availability of visa, it could not happen and he had to return home. Although he did not give up and kept trying and finally in 1924 he managed to reach America. After reaching here, he joined the active Ghadar Party in America and then went on to make strong connections with the revolutionaries. He connected the revolutionaries by traveling to many countries like France, Italy, Germany, Russia etc. He returned to India in the year 1927. Returning to India, he met Bhagat Singh and a few months later he was caught by the police with illegal weapons and banned revolutionary literature. He was sentenced to 5 years, not two years.
Udham Singh eyes Michael Francis O’Dwyer
Meanwhile, in 1927, General Dyer died of a brain hemorrhage and now Udham Singh’s eyes were on Michael Francis O’Dwyer. In the year 1931, Udham Singh was released from jail. The police kept a close watch on him and he was also tortured a lot in the name of giving attendance every day. For this reason he reached Amritsar and changed his name to Mohammad Singh Azad. In the year 1933, he reached Kashmir by bluffing the police and in 1934 he managed to reach England.
Dyer’s chest was sieved on the stage
In England, Udham Singh took a house on rent and started making preparations to kill General Dyer. Udham Singh learned that on March 13, 1940, a joint session of the East India Association and the Royal Central Asian Society was going to be held at Caxton Hall in London, where Michael O’Dwyer was also invited. Here Udham Singh reached with his thick book, the pages of which were cut and the pistol was hidden in that book. It is said that as soon as Dyer reached the stage, Udham Singh started firing bullets. After piercing Michael O’Dwyer’s chest, the blazing flame in Udham Singh’s chest for 21 years had subsided. Everyone was stunned to see this attack of Udham Singh. After this incident, Udham Singh was given the title of Shaheed-e-Azam.
Udham Singh was hanged
Udham Singh was once again arrested and put on trial. On June 4, 1940, Udham Singh was convicted of murder and then hanged on July 31, 1940 in Pentonville Jail. In the independence of the country, Udham Singh became an inspiration for the revolutionaries and his name became immortal in history.